Rang Ghar (Rong Ghor)
North-East bestows beautiful landscapes and is historically important for the Ahom Dynasty. I am back again with one of the monument from the present Assam state.
The rong ghor in Assamese language is located in the Shiv Sagar district of Assam. Rang Ghar is a two-story structure which once served as the royal sports-pavilion where Ahom kings and nobles were spectators of games such as buffalo fights and other sports at Rupahi Pathar particularly during the Rongali Bihu festival in the Ahom capital of Rangpur.
Before understanding the historic importance of this building, let me take you down deep in the history of Ahom Dynasty! This structure was built by Pramatta Singha in AD 1744-1750. It is said to be one of the oldest surviving amphitheaters in Asia, the building was constructed during the reign of Swargadeo.
The Ahom dynasty (1228–1826) ruled the Ahom Kingdom in present-day Assam for nearly 600 years. The dynasty was established by Sukaphaa, a Shan prince of Mong Mao who came to Assam after crossing the Patkai Mountains.
The rule of this dynasty ended with the Burmese invasion of Assam and the subsequent annexation by the British East India Company following the Treaty of Yandabo in 1826.
In medieval chronicles, the kings of this dynasty were called Asam Raja, whereas the subjects of the kingdom called them Chaopha (Chao-ruler, Pha-heaven), or as Swargadeo (the equivalent in Assamese) from the 16th century. You can visit my other post Majuli River Islandfor little more information about the religious practices of Ahom Dynasty.
It is 3 km away from the center of the Sivasagar Town & situated by the side of the Assam Trunk Road; it lies northeast of the Rangpur Palace, a seven-storied royal complex comprising the Talatal Ghar and the Kareng Ghar.
This structure is beautifully preserved by the ASI (Archaeological Survey Of India) and have very eye pleasing green grasses and lots of flowers in the compound. The roof of the Rang Ghar is shaped like an inverted royal Ahom long boat. The base of the monument has a series of arched entrances, while the roof atop sits a decorative pair of carved stone crocodiles.
It is not a very big building but you can have a glance of Ahome dynasty in it!
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